Updated: Jan 12
Topic: Figures and Heads in Clay.
Toward to end of the course the participants was be able to:
Being able to stimulate participant's imagination and also observe and find the simplest forms in objects.
Practising with the visual elements of clay making process for better drawing by using basic shapes of geometric shapes such as circle, square, triangle, etc.
Improve visual thinking and risk taking attitude to be more experienced in clay moulding techniques.
Clay hand building technique that starts with very loose forms and slowly forms into a finished sculpture to find the shape.
Putting simple forms together to create a finished, more complex well developed figures in sculpture.
Introducing the clay texture; What is texture? There are two types of texture: tactile and visual.
Making simple three-dimensional forms, what simple form our head represents? Oval? Square?
Communicating with form, shapes, texture, cross hatching, shading of a clay head.
How to make a stand for a head clay figure?
"Bones are the inside structure that nature uses for both lightness and strength…so in bones you can find the principles which can be very important in sculpture." Henry Moore/Sculpture.
Form and Shape of Head Skull:
Description of a Gorilla Skull Drawing:
Large and distinctive brow ridge called supraorbital torus. (frontal bone above the eye socket)
Face projects forward called prognathous
Large canine teeth
Large zygomatic arch for facial muscles (operate the jaw bones and perform chewing actions
Description of a Human Skull Drawing:
Small brow ridge called supraorbital torus.
Flattened rather than projecting face, mouth sits behind rather than forward of the lip the nose but gorilla projects forward of mouth.
Teeth include small molars and vertical incisors
Smaller zygomatic arch then gorillas.
Shallow lover jaw.
How to make a simple stand for a head?
Looking at shapes of a gorilla, the differences between human and gorilla head. We started drawing gorilla head to see the difference in human and gorilla face shape by;
Differences in eyebrows,
Differences in the eyes, (more round and smaller)
Differences in the nose area ( More projecting forward)
Differences in the mouth and lips (tiner lips)
Differences in the chin and jaws.
Differences in the cheekbones and cheeks.
What your figure is feeling? What facial features does it has? Discuss emotions? ( Anger, Disgust, Sadness, Joy, Fear)
Are they based on imagination or observation?
Has the head got an impression?
Can you tell what sort of character does your head sculpture has?
Sculpting Tools for Beginners
Sculpting can be a rewarding and therapeutic form of art making. Working with hands directly with medium is a unique experience. Unfortunately, many sculpting materials are expensive or not conducive for use by beginners. In this post, We use model magic Crayola air dries material, inexpensive, and most importantly appropriate for beginners.
Before we look at sculpting materials, let’s briefly discuss sculpting processes.
There are basically two “ways ” of sculpting processes fall under. These two “ways” are additive processes and subtractive processes.
Additive sculpting processes involve adding materials to “build up” the sculpture, where subtractive processes rely on the removal of the material to “reveal” the sculpture. Additive techniques include modelling and assemblage. Materials typically used for additive processes include clay, wax, and plasticine.
An example of a subtractive processes is carving. Typical materials used for subtractive processes include wood, plaster, and marble.
Materials for Additive Sculpture Processes:
Model Magic – Model Magic is made by Crayola. It is a non-toxic and inexpensive sculpting material that air dries. It can be painted with water-based paints when it is dry. It’s fairly sticky stuff and will adhere to an armature pretty well. Art snobs may turn their nose up at Model Magic, but it’s an interesting sculpting medium that’s perfect for beginners that want to have an experience with modelling without the mess or the expense.
Texture in Clay Making:
Texture means how something feels. There are two types of texture; actual texture and visual texture.
In all art and design, the appearance of texture is an important visual element. In design, texture also play a part in a product’s function.
Introducing Clay Texture :